Follicles form the base of hair, and blood vessels are responsible for feeding hair follicle cells and delivering hormones that control hair growth and structure. It is worth noting that hair growth happens in three different stages, starting from growth; phase, transition phase and then rest phase.
In this article, in addition to the problems of hair loss and its treatment and prevention methods, many issues related to hair and its types have been examined.
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All kinds of hair problems
Regardless of hair type, every person experiences a hair problem at least once in their life. The most prominent of these problems are:
White or gray hair
White hair may not matter much to some people, but changing hair color is annoying for many people because it reminds them of aging. White hairs are caused by exposure to pigment cells over the years and are damaged. Finally, the production of melanin in the hair decreases.
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Many factors are associated with hair damage, such as the use of dyes and blow dryers. In addition, constant washing of hair leads to a lack of natural oils secreted by the skin and hair dryness.
Normally, a person loses 100 hairs a day, but increased hair loss may indicate a variety of problems, including genetics and the use of certain medications, chemical treatments, and radiation therapy. In addition to excess or deficiency of certain nutrients, even stress and anxiety may cause hair loss.
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Increased glandular secretions may lead to excessive oil formation in the hair, so it is recommended to wash the hair using special shampoos for oily hair.
cause of hair loss
Hair loss has various causes, which we will discuss below.
Health and medical reasons for hair loss
There are many health and medical reasons that lead to hair loss, including:
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Genetic factors may lead to gradual hair loss with age and in certain predictable patterns. In fact, the genetic factor is one of the most common causes of hair loss or what is known as baldness.
Another cause of hair loss is hormonal changes. Hormonal changes may lead to hair loss, and hair falls permanently or temporarily for several reasons, such as pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and some problems in the thyroid gland.
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Male pattern baldness
The incidence of baldness in men increases more than women due to genetic factors and genes, and male hormones play a role in increasing the incidence of hair loss.
Medicines and supplements
The cause of hair loss can be the side effects of some drugs such as drugs used in the treatment of cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
Not getting enough protein can harm a person in physical and health aspects, including hair loss.
Too much stress
Stress causes tension in the body as a result of physical or emotional shock that causes hair loss and thins it. But this cause of hair loss is temporary and treatable.
Iron deficiency anemia
People who suffer from iron deficiency anemia usually have thin and brittle hair. The most prominent symptoms of anemia and iron deficiency are hair loss, which occurs as a result of iron deficiency in the body, and in cases of anemia, the blood lacks red blood cells that carry oxygen to body cells, including hair follicles.
When too much oxygen is lost, hair tends to fall out. Loss of essential nutrients prevents their growth. Symptoms of iron deficiency in the body are extreme fatigue, pain in the legs, cold hands and weakness. When confirming iron deficiency in the body, it is necessary to eat healthy foods rich in iron and also take iron supplements after consulting a doctor.
Another cause of hair loss is hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is responsible for the secretion of thyroid hormones necessary for the growth and development of the body and hair.
When the thyroid gland is underactive, it also affects hair growth, scalp texture, eyebrows, and body hair. When thyroid hormone is correctly diagnosed and treated, hormone levels return to normal; Therefore, it prevents hair loss and gives strong hair.
When the scalp is unhealthy, it causes inflammation of the hair follicles and leads to hair growth problems. Therefore, scalp infection causes hair loss. The most common type of scalp infection is fungal infection.
In this infection, fungi can live on dead hair tissue and spread quickly. Therefore, it affects parts of the scalp or the entire scalp. This disease can infect children at the age of puberty. This problem can be solved at any age with proper diagnosis and treatment.
In some cases, there is a defect in the body’s immune system that causes it to mistakenly attack healthy hair follicles and cause hair loss in the affected areas.
Pregnancy and childbirth
Density and thickness of hair increases in women during pregnancy. As a result of the high percentage of hormones that maintain hair in the body, after childbirth these hormones return to their normal proportions and hair falls quickly.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
This disease affecting women is called PCOS. This disease affects the level of hormones in the body and causes hair loss in the scalp.
Birth control pills
Another cause of hair loss is the use of birth control pills. One of the side effects of taking birth control pills is hair loss. Different ovulation hormones make women prone to hair loss.
High cholesterol levels in the blood
According to some studies and research, high cholesterol has a significant effect on hair loss.
Excess vitamin A in the body
Usually, the lack of vitamins in a person causes health problems that may affect him, but it is worth noting that its increase may sometimes lead to problems in the body, such as excess vitamin A, which in some cases leads to hair loss.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
It is known that chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the causes of hair loss. This is because the treatment is based on attacking cells that rapidly regenerate and reproduce, including the hair and tissues lining the digestive tract.
Ways to prevent hair loss
There are many ways to prevent hair loss, mainly based on an unhealthy lifestyle and adopting methods that help maintain hair. It is worth noting that prevention methods may not work for some people whose problems are due to genetic reasons.
The most important ways to prevent hair loss are as follows:
- Avoid using high heat tools for hair.
- Avoid hairstyles that pull hair.
- As much as possible, do not dye or whiten your hair with chemicals.
- Use a mild shampoo suitable for hair.
- Use a soft brush with natural fibers.
- Using low-level light therapy for damaged hair
Take nutritional supplements.
- Use natural oils.
- Continuous scalp massage that increases blood flow.
- Avoid smoking.
How to treat hair loss
There are many ways to treat the problem of hair loss after discovering its causes, including: ways related to lifestyle. These methods mean actions that should be avoided and other actions that should be done constantly in general life to maintain and maintain hair health.
Some of these are:
Clean the comb regularly
To maintain hygiene, combs should be cleaned at least once a week to reduce shedding as much as possible. Dirty combs may transfer germs, dust, and other factors that weaken hair follicles and cause shedding.
Pollution on the hair like dust, moisture, smoke and other forms have a bad effect. As for living in a crowded city, it’s hard to avoid; But there are things that can prevent the hair from being contaminated by harmful factors, such as tying the hair and covering it with a scarf that protects it.
Dye your hair as little as possible
Women who dye their hair regularly are more prone to hair loss than others.
Avoid anything that causes stress and mental pressure
The greater the tension and mental pressure at work and in general life, the more hair loss. You can get rid of stress and pressure by taking simple steps, such as taking a break while working, meditating, walking.
Avoid things that are harmful to hair
There are many things that are harmful to hair. Although many of them affect unwanted hair; But to prevent hair loss, they should be avoided, such as tightly tying the hair and using too many heat styling tools.
Hair, like any other organ in the body, needs food for maintenance; Therefore, it is recommended to maintain the appearance of healthy hair and protect it from loss and damage. Eat more fruits and vegetables and avoid junk food.
What is baldness?
Baldness, also known as alopecia or hair loss, refers to the partial or complete loss of hair from the scalp or other parts of the body. It is a common condition that can affect both men and women. Baldness can manifest in various patterns and degrees of severity, ranging from a receding hairline or thinning hair to complete loss of hair on the scalp.
The most common type of baldness is known as androgenetic alopecia, which is often hereditary and associated with hormonal factors. In men, it typically results in a receding hairline and the formation of a “bald spot” on the top of the head, known as a “crown.” In women, the hair loss pattern is usually more diffuse, with overall thinning of the hair.
Baldness can have a significant impact on an individual’s self-esteem and body image, as hair is often considered an important aesthetic feature. While baldness does not pose any direct health risks, it can have psychological and emotional consequences for some people.
It’s important to note that while baldness is often associated with aging, it can occur at any age and can have various underlying causes, including genetics, hormonal imbalances, certain medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle factors. Treatment options for baldness can range from medications and topical treatments to hair transplant surgery, depending on the underlying cause and individual circumstances. Consulting with a healthcare professional or dermatologist is recommended for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.
What are the main causes of baldness?
The main causes of baldness, can vary depending on the individual and the specific type of baldness. Here are some common causes:
- Androgenetic alopecia: This is the most common cause of baldness and is often hereditary. It is commonly referred to as male pattern baldness in men and female pattern hair loss in women. It is influenced by hormones and genetics.
- Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal changes due to conditions such as pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, or thyroid disorders can contribute to baldness.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as alopecia areata (an autoimmune condition), scalp infections, trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), and certain skin disorders, can cause baldness.
- Medications and treatments: Some medications, such as chemotherapy drugs, beta-blockers, retinoids, and anticoagulants, can cause hair loss as a side effect. Additionally, treatments like radiation therapy can lead to baldness in the treated areas.
- Nutritional deficiencies: A lack of essential nutrients, such as iron, zinc, biotin, and vitamins A, D, and E, can contribute to baldness.
- Stress: Emotional or physical stress, such as major life events, trauma, or illness, can sometimes trigger temporary baldness known as telogen effluvium.
- Hairstyling practices: Excessive heat styling, tight hairstyles (like braids or ponytails), and harsh chemical treatments can damage the hair and lead to breakage and baldness over time.
- Ageing: As individuals age, hair follicles may become less active, leading to thinner and less dense hair.
It’s worth noting that the specific causes of baldness can vary from person to person, and sometimes multiple factors can contribute to the condition. If you are experiencing significant hair loss, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options.
Is baldness hereditary?
Yes, baldness can be hereditary. The most common form of baldness, known as androgenetic alopecia, is influenced by genetic factors. Androgenetic alopecia is often referred to as male pattern baldness in men and female pattern baldness in women.
The inheritance pattern for androgenetic alopecia is complex and can involve multiple genes. It can be transmitted from the mother or father of the family. People with a family history of baldness are more likely to experience baldness themselves.
In men, baldness follows a distinct pattern, beginning with a receding hairline at the temples and thinning hair on the crown. Over time, these areas may merge, leaving only a ring of hair around the back and sides of the scalp.
Women with androgenetic alopecia typically experience diffuse hair thinning, which may be more pronounced on the top of the head, while maintaining the frontal hairline.
It is important to note that not all cases of baldness are determined solely by genetics. Other factors such as hormonal imbalances, medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle factors can also play a role in baldness. If you have concerns about baldness or a family history of baldness, it is recommended that you consult a healthcare professional or dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized advice.
Can baldness be prevented?
Preventing baldness entirely may not be possible in all cases, especially when it is primarily caused by genetic factors. However, there are steps you can take to potentially slow down the progression of hair loss and maintain the health of your hair. Here are some preventive measures that may help:
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle: A balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins can support hair health. Regular exercise and stress management techniques may also contribute to overall well-being, which can indirectly benefit hair health.
- Avoid excessive heat and chemical treatments: Limit the use of hot styling tools, such as straighteners and curling irons, as well as chemical treatments like relaxers and perming solutions. Excessive heat and chemicals can damage the hair and contribute to breakage and baldness.
- Be gentle with your hair: Avoid aggressive brushing, harsh towel drying, and tight hairstyles that pull on the hair. Treat your hair with care to minimize unnecessary tension and breakage.
- Use gentle hair care products: Opt for mild shampoos and conditioners that are suitable for your hair type. Avoid products with harsh chemicals that can damage the hair and scalp.
- Protect your hair from the sun: Excessive sun exposure can weaken the hair and contribute to dryness and breakage. Protect your hair by wearing a hat or using hair products with built-in UV protection.
- Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: These habits can have a negative impact on hair health and contribute to baldness.
- Consult with a healthcare professional: If you notice significant hair loss or have concerns about your hair, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist. They can evaluate your specific situation, identify any underlying causes, and provide personalized recommendations for treatment or prevention.
It’s important to note that the effectiveness of preventive measures may vary depending on the individual and the underlying cause of baldness. Additionally, if hair loss is primarily due to genetic factors, preventive measures may have limited impact. Consulting with a healthcare professional can provide you with the most appropriate guidance for your specific situation.
Are there any effective treatments for baldness?
Yes, there are several treatments available for baldness. The effectiveness of these treatments can vary depending on the individual, the underlying cause of baldness, and other factors. Here are some commonly used treatments:
- Minoxidil: A topical medication available over-the-counter that can promote hair regrowth and slow down baldness. It is available in various strengths and formulations.
- Finasteride: An oral medication available by prescription that can help slow down baldness and promote hair regrowth in men. It works by blocking the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone associated with baldness.
- Hair Transplantation: This surgical procedure involves removing hair follicles from a donor area (usually the back or sides of the scalp) and transplanting them into the balding areas. It can provide long-term, natural-looking results for certain individuals.
- Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT): LLLT uses red light therapy to stimulate hair growth. It can be performed at home using handheld devices or in specialized clinics. While the exact mechanism is not fully understood, it is believed to increase blood flow to the hair follicles and stimulate hair growth.
- Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy: PRP therapy involves injecting a concentrated solution of platelets derived from the patient’s own blood into the scalp. Platelets contain growth factors that may stimulate hair growth.
- Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP): SMP is a non-surgical procedure that involves tattooing tiny dots on the scalp to create the appearance of a shaved head or to give the illusion of hair density. It can be used to camouflage areas of thinning hair or create a defined hairline.
It’s important to note that the effectiveness of these treatments can vary depending on the individual Sorry, it seems my response got cut off. Here’s the continuation:
It’s important to note that the effectiveness of these treatments can vary depending on the individual, the underlying cause of baldness, and other factors. Additionally, results may take time to become noticeable, and some treatments may require ongoing maintenance.
If you are considering any treatment for baldness, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a dermatologist. They can evaluate your specific situation, provide an accurate diagnosis, and recommend the most appropriate treatment options based on your individual needs and goals.
It’s also worth mentioning that there are various cosmetic options available to manage the appearance of baldness, such as wigs, hairpieces, and camouflage products. These options can provide temporary solutions and help individuals feel more confident while undergoing or considering other treatments.
Overall, the best approach to treating baldness is to consult with a healthcare professional who can guide you through the available options and help you make an informed decision based on your unique circumstances.